Ingredients: Blaze Rod.
Description: Blaze powder is an item made from a blaze rod obtained from a blaze. In addition to being a potential brewing ingredient, blaze powder is required as fuel for a brewing stand, lasting for up to 20 brewing operations.
Ingredients: Blaze Rod and Cobblestone.
Description: A brewing stand is a block used for brewing potions, splash potions and lingering potions. Brewing stands can be mined using any pickaxe. If mined without a pickaxe, it will drop nothing.
Brewing stands cannot be pushed by pistons. By default, the GUI of a brewing stand is labeled Brewing Stand, but this name can be customized by naming it in an anvil before placing it, or by changing the CustomName tag using the /blockdata command.
Ingredients: Iron Ingots.
Description: A cauldron is a block that can hold water, potions and dyed water. Cauldrons can be mined using any pickaxe. If mined without a pickaxe, it will drop nothing. When a cauldron is destroyed, its contents will be lost.
A cauldron can be filled with water by using a water bucket on the cauldron. Once completely filled, a cauldron can be used to fill a water bucket by using an empty bucket on the cauldron; this empties the cauldron.
One level of water can be added to a cauldron by using a water bottle on it. One level of water can be removed from a cauldron, filling a water bottle, by using a glass bottle on it.
A cauldron will slowly fill up with water when rained upon, if starting empty or with some water.
Water can be stored in a cauldron even in the Nether.
Water in a cauldron will not absorb explosion damage, and will not damage an enderman or a blaze.
More detail Cauldron at https://minecraft.gamepedia.com/Cauldron
Ingredients: Spider Eye, Brown Mushroom and Sugar.
Description: A fermented spider eye is a brewing ingredient. Fermented spider eyes can be crafted from a spider eye, brown mushroom and sugar on a crafting grid. They can be used to brew potions with negative effects and the Potion of Invisibility.
Description: A glass bottle is an item used to pick up water to make water bottles, which is the start of the brewing process. Glass bottles can be obtained by crafting, drinking potions, or from witch drops.
Drinking a potion will return the empty glass bottle. Throwing a splash potion or a lingering potion will not return a glass bottle, but brewing a lingering potion will give a glass bottle back.
Glass bottles can be filled to make water bottles, which can then be used to brew items with a brewing stand. Glass bottles are also used to hold the resulting potion.
A bottle may be filled by holding it in your hand and using on a water source block or a filled cauldron. If filled via a water source, the water will be unaffected. If filled via a cauldron, 1/3 of the water (or potion) in the cauldron will be removed. Therefore, using a cauldron to fill bottles is inefficient, except in the Nether where it is normally the only way to fill bottles.
Using a glass bottle in an area where the ender dragon breathed will fill the bottle with dragon’s breath.
Ingredients: Melon Slice and Gold Nuggets.
Description: Glistering melon is a non-edible item used for imbuing potions with health restoration effects. It is one of the many potion ingredients that can be used to make mundane potions.
Ingredients: Slimeball and Blaze Powder.
Description: Magma cream is an item used in brewing to create potions of Fire Resistance, and to build magma blocks. All but tiny-sized magma cubes have a 25% chance of dropping 1 magma cream.